Combination skin is part oily, part dry. Generally, the oily areas are located on the T-zone, which consist of the forehead, nose and chin. Cheeks are usually more on the dry side, but the levels of oiliness and dryness can vary. The T-zone also tends to have larger skin pores and is susceptible to outbreaks, while the cheeks may experience difficult and irritated.
Causes of combination skin
• Hormonal changes can lead to changes in skins oiliness or dryness. Teens and teenagers usually have oilier skin, especially in the T-zone. But, with age, hormones change and the oil production may reduce. Also, hormones change due to menstruation and the birth control pill, which can make skin oilier in certain areas.
• Lipids also play a role in combination skin. These necessary proteins impact skins softness and feel. When lipids are not equally distribute throughout the skin, certain areas will feel more dry and harder, while other areas may feel soft but oily or greasy. The organization of lipids in skin is due to genetics and hormones.
• Weather can aggravate combination skin. Dry, cold temperature can cause skin to lose moisture and become irritated. On the other hand, hot humid weather can increase oil production. This can affect your T-zone as well as your cheeks.
Caring for combination skin
Combination skin needs special care to stability the oily and dry areas of the head. Here is your simple, step-by-step skin care routine.
1. Cleanse. People with combination skin often have problems finding a cleaner that works for their unique skin needs. Formulas designed for oily skin may dry out the delicate skin on the cheeks, while formulas designed for dry skin may cause outbreaks and oiliness in the T-zone.
For the perfect solution, use a foaming or gel cleanser to get rid of dirt and oil without irritating or drying out your skin.
1. Exfoliate. Regular exfoliation sloughs off dry, dead, rough skin cells, which leaves in the skin looking shiny and fresh and helps products go through into the skin. If you don’t exfoliate the skin, scalp build up and prevent skin pores, causing in blemishes and blackheads.
2. Moisturise. Combination skin needs balance, and part of that balance means properly moisturising your skin. Moisturising is especially important for more dry areas of the face, but your entire face needs hydration.
You may choose to use separate moisturisers — a light and portable one for the T-zone and a heavier one for cheeks — or a special moisturiser designed for combination skin. Pay careful attentionto dry areas, as they may require more frequent moisturising than oily areas.
Generally, experts recommend moisturising dry areas twice a day and moisturising oily areas once a day. Keep in mind that your individual skin has unique needs, so you might want to change your moisturiser, such as how often you use it, where you need it and how much you need.
1. Protect. Like all other skin types, combination skin needs protection from the sun. UVA and UVB rays can damage skin, so use oil-free sunscreen all over the face daily (and on any other exposed areas).
In addition to your basic skin care routine, you might need additional items to cure any special concerns.
• Try a mask. Incorporate a mask once a week to cure specific issues. Try using a moisturising mask on dry areas like the cheeks, and a deep cleaning mask on the oilier areas. Or consider a mask designed for combination skin which removes impurities to help prevent outbreaks, and also moisturises the skin.
• Fight outbreaks. If you experience outbreaks, which may happen around the T-zone, use acne remedy items with salicylic acid, which are gentler on the skin.
• Consider essential oils. Try mixing a few drops of chamomile, lavender or ylang ylang into your regular moisturiser. These particular natural oils have natural balancing and anti-bacterial properties. But, skip the oils if you have sensitive skin or are pregnant.
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